Joanne Held Cummings has served extensively in the Middle East, North Africa, and East Africa. Daughter of a diplomat, she was raised in Lebanon, Iran, and Saudi Arabia. In the private sector and for the Department of State, she has worked in Yemen, Iraq, Afghanistan, Jerusalem, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Cyprus, Syria, and Ethiopia, as well as nine years working regionally from Morocco through Pakistan. Ms. Cummings has served as Refugee Coordinator, Military Foreign Policy Advisor, Consular Officer, Political Officer, and Economic and Pol/Econ Section Chief in various posts. She speaks Arabic and French.
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